DOPRAVNÝ ÚRAD

Unmanned aircraft flight operations

The Transport Authority issue Filetype iconDecision_No_2-2019 of 14 November 2019, On determination of conditions for unmanned aircraft flight operations and restriction of specific categories aircrafts flight operations in the airspace of the Slovak Republic.Filetype icon This Decision enters into force on 15 November 2019.

 Repeals:

  1. Decision No 1/2015 of 19 August 2015, On conditions of an unmanned aircraft flight operations in the airspace of the Slovak Republic.
  2. Decision No 1/2019 of 30 October 2019, On conditions for unmanned aircraft flight operations.

Unmanned Aircraft (an aircraft able to fly without pilot on board) with maximum take-off mass less than 150kg according to § 7 Subpar. 2 of Act No 143/1998 Coll. On civil aviation (Aviation Act) in the form of its later changes and amendments to certain acts; to operate in the airspace only under conditions, that take into account flight safety and as determined by agreement between the Transport Authority and the Ministry of Defence of the Slovak Republic.

Unmanned aircraft means an aircraft able to fly without a pilot on board (§ 7 of Aviation Act). Unmanned aircrafts are divided into:

– Autonomous aircraft (means unmanned aircraft equipped with an independent in-flight control system, that does not allow human control intervention to a flight operation)

– Remotely piloted aircraft (means remote pilot operated unmanned aircraft by remote pilot station not located on board of an unmanned aircraft)

– model aircraft (means unmanned aircraft unable of automatic flight to a designated place, used only for sport, competition or recreational purposes)

In all cases, the airspace of the Slovak Republic applies an obligation to operate aircraft in compliance with conditions and requirements established for the use of airspace. Unmanned aircraft flight operation shall be performed in a way to not compromise safety of other aircrafts, persons, property on the ground and to ensure environment protection from noise level and pollutants emissions of an unmanned aircraft. Remote pilot shall not perform flight operation under psychoactive substance influence.

Unmanned aircraft flight operation may be performed in Category A unmanned aircraft flight operations (For recreational purposes by an unmanned aircraft with maximum take-off mass less than 25kg) or in Category B unmanned aircraft flight operations (Aerial works, individual unmanned aircraft flight operations with high risk level performed on base of authorization by the Transport Authority and unmanned aircraft with maximum take-off mass more than 25kg).

************************************************************

Category A flight operations

For Category A unmanned aircraft flight operation is not required an unmanned aircraft registration at the Transport Authority or remote pilot certificate. Category A unmanned aircraft flight operation may be performed during the day, maintaining unmanned aircraft in visual line of sight (VLOS) at horizontal distance not more than 1000m (0,54NM) from remote pilot and in uncontrolled Class G airspace up to 120m above the ground level.

Additional restrictions depending on Class of unmanned aircraft (based on maximum take-off mass) – Subcategories for Category A unmanned aircraft flight operations:

Subcategory A1: By Class C0 unmanned aircraft (Maximum take-off mass less than 0,25kg) and Class C1 unmanned aircraft (maximum take-off mass less than 0,9kg) in a way that people assemblies are not overflown. In controlled airspace* at horizontal distance of more than 3,7km from airport reference point (ARP) and up to 30m above ground level. Follow-me mode may be used up to 30m distance of unmanned aircraft from remote pilot.

Subcategory A2: By Class C2 unmanned aircraft (maximum take-off mass less than 4kg) in distance of more than 50m from uninvolved persons. In controlled airspace* at horizontal distance of more than 3,7km from airport reference point (ARP) and up to 30m above ground level.

Subcategory A3: By Class C3 unmanned aircraft (maximum take-off mass less than 25kg) and Class C4 unmanned aircraft (only model aircraft with maximum take-off mass less than 25kg) in distance from uninvolved people, taking into account method of propulsion and characteristics of an unmanned aircraft, so they are not exposed to excessive noise level and not endangered by unmanned aircraft in flight emergency situation, but at least 50m from such persons. In controlled airspace* at a distance of more than 5,6km from airport reference point (ARP) and up to 30m above ground level.

* As controlled airspace is considered Controlled Traffic Region (CTR), In the Slovak Republic mainly in area of Bratislava, Pieštany, Žilina, Sliač, Poprad, Prešov, Košice airports.

************************************************************

Category B flight operations

If an unmanned aircraft flight operation is performed in manner other than those under Category A flight operations, in particular:

  1. At night if an unmanned aircraft is equipped with adequate lighting,
  2. In controlled airspace if unmanned aircraft flight operation is in coordination with relevant air traffic control unit,
  3. In distance from uninvolved persons other than distance conditions specified for Category A unmanned aircraft flight operation,
  4. By an unmanned aircraft with maximum take-off mass is more than 25kg.

To perform Category B unmanned aircraft flight operation is dependent on authorization by the Transport Authority. Authorization by the Transport Authority is not required from holders of aerial work operator certificate.

An application for authorization and determination of conditions shall be sent by unmanned aircraft operator 30 days prior planned flight operation date by the form:  Filetype iconF390 – Application for authorization of Category B unmanned aircraft fli….

Attachment to application under the first sentence is also the risk analysis, created according to Procedure of the Transport Authority (14/2019) published on the Transport Authority website, shall include in particular

a) Purpose of an unmanned aircraft flight operation,

b) Characteristics of unmanned aircraft flight operation,

c) Geographic characteristics of a location of unmanned aircraft flight operation,

d) Threat level to property and health of persons on the ground that may be caused by an unmanned aircraft flight operation,

e) Class of airspace in location of unmanned aircraft flight operation,

f) Class of unmanned aircraft, construction, performance and safety systems used by an unmanned aircraft,

g) Organizational and risk mitigation measures proposal for unmanned aircraft flight operation.

  1. Additional conditions for Category B unmanned aircraft flight operation are that an unmanned aircraft is insured for liability of damage caused by unmanned aircraft to the third parties, remote pilot is holder of remote pilot certificate and an unmanned aircraft is registered at the Transport Authority.
  2. Filetype icon14_2019_Procedure_of_the_Transport_Authority_for_the_risk_analysis_imple…

         ************************************************************

  1. Coordination in controlled airspace under Category B unmanned aircraft flight operations
  2. If an unmanned aircraft operator in Category B unmanned aircraft operations (holder of aerial work operator certificate or unmanned aircraft flight operations authorized by the Transport Authority) planning to perform an unmanned aircraft flight operation in controlled airspace in different manner than those specified in Subcategories A1, A2 and A3 unmanned aircraft flight operations, according to those flight operation in Control Traffic Region (CTR) is only possible at horizontal distance of more than 3,7km respectively 5,6km and up to 30m (100ft) above ground level, an unmanned aircraft operator shall:
    1. Prior at least 24 hours of unmanned aircraft flight operation deliver by e-mail to relevant air traffic control unit an application for flight authorization of unmanned aircraft in controlled airspace,
    2. Remote pilot or other involved person in preparation of unmanned aircraft flight operation informs 15 minutes before estimated take-off time by telephone relevant air traffic control unit and request flight authorization for unmanned aircraft flight operation in controlled airspace,
    3. Remote pilot or other involved person in preparation of unmanned aircraft flight operation shall immediately inform by telephone relevant air traffic control unit immediately about flight operation interruptions, flight operation termination and other intentions regarding to unmanned aircraft flight operation,
    4. Remote pilot shall comply with the instructions to immediately terminate, interrupt or limit unmanned aircraft flight operation, in particular altitude, location and time by telephone from air traffic control unit if necessary,
    5. Remote pilot shall immediately inform about flight emergency situation if such a situation happens.

    Application for flight authorization with unmanned aircraft in controlled airspace:

    Filetype iconUAS_CTR_Košice

    Filetype iconUAS_CTR_Pieštany

    Filetype iconUAS_CTR_Štefánik

    Filetype iconUAS_CTR_Tatry

    Filetype iconUAS_CTR_Žilina

    ************************************************************

    AERIAL WORKS

    Aerial works shall only be performed with authorization certificate issued by the Transport Authority. The Transport Authority shall determine in authorization certificate range of flight operations and conditions for aerial work.                                                                        To issue Aerial work operator certificate and issue of decision on determination of conditions for an unmanned aircraft must be preceded by:

    • Unmanned aircraft registration at the Transport Authority,
    • Remote pilot theoretical and practical examinations at the Transport Authority,
    • Create an operations manual.

     

    The fee to issue aerial work operator certificate is according to the Act No 145/1995 Coll. Subpar. 91 (m) On administrative fees – 600 EUR.

    Until Aerial work operator certificate is issued, an applicant may perform by registered unmanned aircraft Category A unmanned aircraft flight operation.

    Remote pilot while performing aerial works may only be a person who is holder of remote pilot certificate issued by the Transport Authority. Condition for its obtaining is successful theoretical and practical examinations at the Transport Authority.

    All operations manual issued by holders of aerial work operator certificate and authorized during period of validity of Decision No 1/2015 of 19 august 2015 remain valid. To add other types of Category B unmanned aircraft flight operations it is required to record changes to operations manual.

    Application for issue of unmanned aircraft aerial work operator certificate:

    – Filetype iconF353 – Application for issue unmanned aircraft aerial work operator certificate

    Application for extension of unmanned aircraft aerial work operator certificate:

    –  Filetype iconF354 – Application for extension of unmanned aircraft aerial work operator certificate

    Application for change of unmanned aircraft aerial work operator certificate:

    – Filetype iconF352 – Application for change of unmanned aircraft aerial work operator certificate

    ************************************************************

    Model Aircraft with maximum take-off mass exceeding 25kg

     Model aircraft with maximum take-off mass more than 25kg and less than 150kg may perform flight operation during the day under condition that:

    1. In compliance with conditions specified for Subcategory A3 unmanned aircraft flight operations,
    2. Remote pilot is holder of remote pilot certificate issued by the Transport Authority or any equivalent document issued by a competent authority of another Member State of the European Union or a State Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area,
    3. Model aircraft is registered at the Transport Authority or is in a similar manner registered in another Member State of the European Union or in a State party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area,
    4. Model aircraft operator conduct and fulfils insurance contract for liability of damage caused by unmanned aircraft to the third parties.

In case that model aircraft (with more than 25kg) flight operation is to be performed under conditions other than those specified above, it is necessary to request the Transport Authority for authorization to perform such a flight operation.

************************************************************

Execution of theoretical examination 

If the person operating an unmanned aircraft is holder of any aircraft category pilot license issued by the competent authority according to Regulation No 1178/2011 in its current form, the Transport Authority require the theoretical examination to be executed only from air law and the air traffic control procedures subject.

If the person operating an unmanned aircraft does not meet the conditions above, it is necessary to:

  • Request by Application F283-B the Transport Authority / Aviation Personnel Licensing Department to execute theoretical examination. The application must be sent by post to the address of the Transport Authority or personally at the Registry of the Transport Authority.
  • Deliver completed and signed binding application for theoretical examination F182-B (by post to the address of the Transport Authority, personally at the Registry of the Transport Authority or scanned by e-mail to letecky.personal@nsat.sk  – recommended at least 14 days before scheduled date of the examination).

 

An applicant does not pay fee for theoretical examination.

 

At the moment, unfortunately it is not possible to execute theoretical examination in English language.

 

For theoretical examination is possible to study in the form of self-study. Our recommended study materials are available in Czech language:

 

Učebnice pilota, vydavateľstvo Svět křídel.

Kocourek, Řešátko – DRONY – Praktická příručka pro majitele dronú DJI; 2017; vydavateľstvo Agentura Rubico, s.r.o., Česká republika, ISBN: 978-80-7346-228-4

Karas – 222 tipú a trikú pro drony; 2017; vydavateľstvo Computer Press Brno, Česká republika; ISBN: 978-80-251-4874-7

Hohenlohe – DRONY; 2016; vydavateľstvo Alpress Frýdek-Místek, Česká republika; ISBN: 978-80-7543-234-6

Karas, Tichý – Drony; 2016; vydavateľstvo Computer Press Brno, Česká republika, ISBN: 978-80-251-4860-4

 

Place and form of theoretical examination

Theoretical examination is executed at the Transport Authority at predetermined dates and times. The computer test is executed in Slovak language, consists 100 questions and time for examination is 90 minutes. Questions are answered in the form of multiple choice of answers. There are three answers to each question, of which only one is correct.

Theoretical examination consists of the following subjects:

  • Air law and the air traffic control procedures,
  • General knowledge of the aircraft,
  • Aircraft performance and flight planning,
  • Meteorology,
  • Performance procedures,
  • Basics of flight,
  • Communication.

Evaluation of theoretical examination

 An applicant is evaluated as PASSED if obtained at least 75% in all required subjects. If an applicant is not successful in one or more subjects is evaluated as failed. It is necessary to repeat theoretical examination from subjects that an applicant was evaluated as failed. The date of the next attempt is possible after delivery of the binding application (F182-B) in the following published examination dates.

In case if an applicant executing theoretical examination is evaluated as failed from one subject of all the subjects required four times in a row or has used up to all six available attempts within 18 months of the first attempt to pass the examination an APLD employee evaluates an applicant as FAILED.

In case if an applicant executing theoretical examination is not successful (evaluated as FAILED) and used all above options, it is necessary to repeat the entire examination. An APLD employee shall advise an applicant to execute theoretical training in the training facility and re-submit the application to execute theoretical examination only after completion of the training.                                                                                    To issue Remote pilot certificate is required:

  • Deliver Application F081-B,
  • Deliver the original of application to execute practical examination and report from remote pilot practical examination (F166-B)

An applicant does not pay fee for issue of remote pilot certificate.

An applicant shall be informed when remote pilot certificate is issued by telephone or e-mail as specified in application.

To get certificate:

  • In person, at registered office of the Transport Authority during page hours or by agreement (02/48 777 558),
  • Based on mandate at registered office of the Transport Authority during page hours or by agreement (02/48 777 558),
  • Certificate may be sent by mail to the address noted in application.

************************************************************

Execution of practical examination

 Practical examination can be executed after the successful completion of theoretical examination, under supervision, according to the instructions at place designated by the inspector of the Transport Authority with registered unmanned aircraft at the Transport Authority. For practical examination it is necessary to bring an unmanned aircraft register confirmation letter and if an applicant is not unmanned aircraft owner, also a document proving the use of an unmanned aircraft (loan contract / lease contract or other contract between an applicant and unmanned aircraft owner proving that an applicant is authorized to operate an unmanned aircraft). An applicant is responsible for unmanned aircraft flight operation during practical examination.

Practical examinations will be executed at either Štefan Banič Airport in Boleráz (LZTR) or at the Nitra – Janíkovce airport (LZNI) at the following preliminary dates:

Month Date
January 31st (Friday)
March 2nd (Monday)
March 27th (Friday)

To apply for practical examination is necessary to send an application at least 3 days before the examination date. Participation in the practical examination is possible only after application is confirmed.

In case of interest of a larger group of applicants, it is also possible to arrange an individual practical examination at a different date and place by agreement.

Application for practical examination and any other questions can be addressed to Filip.pechac@nsat.sk.

© Dopravný úrad / Transport Authority | Sitemap | RSS W3C Validation

Portal solution by